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WEB ANNOUNCE:

The research history of phthisical disease

From;  Author:Stand originally Position:home>Tuberculosis Center>

19 century, do not know how to many person ever was divested by this kind of merciless spirited contagion family member or friend, although a variety of effective antibiotic mix 20 century,the generation of preservative content makes phthisical case of illness alive inside bound limits decrease quickly, but because this loosens vigilance off base. Warning of World Health Organization says, in recent years tuberculosis has the power of stage a come back in the whole world, not allow to the prevention and cure of this kind of contagion laches.
1882, robert Kehe announces German scientist discovered n/med tuberculosis bacili, divide its humanness model, ox, bird with rat model 4 model, its go-between bacterium is the main pathogen of human tuberculosis. What tuberculosis basically invades a kind when cause after lung to have intense infectivity by bacili of person n/med tuberculosis namely is chronic waste sexual disease. Common and clinical expression is cough, cough up phlegm, haemoptysis, bosom painful, calorific, lack of power, anorexia local reach systemic symptom. Tuberculosis 90 % above is infected through respiratory tract, the patient passes cough, sneeze, loudly roaring etc make the liquid that carry bacterium ejective outside body, can be affected after healthy person is inspiratory.
1945, of specific streptomycin come out make tuberculosis is incurable disease no longer. After this, of the medicaments such as fourth alcohol of rimifon, rifampin, ethylamine synthesize in succession, the number that makes global tuberculosis patient more decreases considerably. In precautionary respect, main with BCG vaccine (BCG) have an inoculation and chemical precaution are given priority to. Among them 1952 of isoniazid come out, make chemical medicaments precaution scores a success. The antiseptic force of isoniazid is powerful, side effect is little, and economy, place is taken with facilitating, take 6 to 12 months, can decrease inside 10 years come on 50 % comes 60 % .
Antibiotic, BCG vaccine comes out with what change cure medicaments is the mankind is in with tuberculosis the milepost on history of make a stand against the victory of type, for this, the United States is in 20 century thinks 20 century end can eliminate tuberculosis even at the beginning of 80 time. However, of this kind of bigotry " phtisis " initiated to the mankind again new round challenge. According to the report of World Health Organization, in recent years tuberculosis is in resurgence of global each district, the whole world had 3 million person to die 1995 hereat ill, it is this ill death number a most year, exceeded phthisical popularity greatly 1900. On March 24, 2003 " tuberculosis of world prevention and cure day " during, "Check tuberculosis " the figure that world operation organization announces shows, at present the whole world still has 5000 person to die at tuberculosis everyday, and suffer from every year the number that has tuberculosis exceeds 8 million.
The cause that creates afore-mentioned situations basically is nearly 20 years of world the negligence on a lot of area policy, cause system of phthisical prevention and cure to be destroyed disappear even; The odds of tuberculosis of AIDS person infection is 30 times of the ordinary person, major AIDS patient dies at tuberculosis, spread in the whole world as AIDS, phthisical patient also is increasing quickly; The generation of individual plant of a variety of bacteria of drug-fast n/med tuberculosis, the difficulty that increased phthisical prevention and cure.